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Новости/Аналитика

In the USA, hemp cultivation increased 100 times in 5 years

16.12.2019

Unfortunately, it should be noted that at the moment, only the profile association of Ukrainian horse breeders is effectively engaged in introducing amendments to the current legislation , which initiated at the end of 2019 the introduction of amendments to PKMU 589 - 2009 .

Technical hemp is the fastest growing crop in American agriculture . The United States defines industrial crops of industrial hemp as cannabisa plants , in the dried straw of which contains up to 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol. Until 2015, hemp breeding practically did not exist in the most developed country in the world , since this was hindered by federal legislation on controlled substances .

In 2014, the amendments to the regulatory framework opened up opportunities for the industrial cultivation of small-drug cannabis in experimental form and for state-controlled pilot programs . The very next year, 1,500 hectares of hemp were planted in the United States . To date, according to data published by the Ministry of Agriculture US (USDA), after the hemp plant has been removed from the list of substances controlled by the federal government as part of amendments to the Law "On farms" in 2018, the cultivated area in the country has increased 100 times and almost reached the value of 60 thousand hectares.

Cannabis crops in the USA

In particular, in 2018 hemp was planted in 18 states, and in 2019 the number of administrative-territorial units in which industrial hemp is cultivated more than doubled, and 37 states increased the planted area by 350%. For example, Montana, with a sown area of more than 17.8 thousand hectares, is the leader in hemp breeding in the United States . The above crop area is more than twice the crop area in Colorado, the second most cultivated state.

Commentary experts of the Association "Ukrainian industrial hemp"

After the adoption of a regulatory framework conducive to the development of American hemp breeding at the federal level in December 2018, US government officials continue to work to create the most favorable conditions for the further development of the industry . In particular, in 2020 the Ministry of Agriculture of the United States is launching a new pilot program of insurance of hemp , which will provide coverage of the actual cost of   production in the framework of the Agency's long-term insurance program crops . A new insurance program will be added to federal crop insurance, which, according to USDA officials, hemp producers will have access in August. In 2019, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency approved the use of 10 pesticides for growing hemp , nine of which are biopesticides, and one is a regular pesticide. Those. in order for US hemp breeding to become competitive and catch up with the industry lag caused by the late restart of hemp breeding in the country , government officials, together with relevant Associations, are actively working to change the regulatory framework . Unfortunately, it should be noted that at the moment, only the profile association of Ukrainian hemp breeders is effectively involved in introducing amendments to the current legislation , which at the end of 2019 initiated amendments to the PCMU 589 - 2009 .

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