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Новости/Аналитика

Sunimplant - an innovative hemp construction project from Morocco

20.04.2020

Project emblem

The goal of this project was to develop the concept of a  house with "zero energy consumption", which is as safe as possible for the environment and comfortable for people living in it. During the construction, the local task of creating a hemp construction composite was worked out, which will include plant-based bio-resins, which should replace the various synthetic components that are actively used at the moment in the use of modern construction technologies . In addition, the cylindrical shell of the building with a minimum exposure of 24 external panels provides internal comfort precisely thanks tothe use of bonded concrete .

The pages of the profile electronic publication of Ukrainian hemp breeders have already described how a team of French students won the European competition “Solar Decathlon” held in Hungary by creating a “House of the Future” using hemp technology in 2019. Already in 2020, at a competition organized for universities from around the world by the US Department of Energy , the project of students from Morocco, the innovative ecological building “Sunimplant”, which combines the advantages of building and decorating load-bearing structures with hemp materials , with the high-tech solar panel system used to create conditions of complete independence from external energy sources. 

  

Design and Modeling

The name “Sunimplant” reflects the various meanings that are initially embedded in the very name of this project . For example, SUN - the sun (a source of energy used for the operation of the project ); PLANT - involves hemp plant used for construction ; PLAN - a deliberate decision to use as building materials waste products obtained during the processing of agricultural raw materials ( hemp fire ); IM - short for In Morocco; UNI - versatility.

  

Building

According to the participants of the project , «Sunimplant is a demonstration of the universality of the hemp plant , used as a building material . Moreover, not the most highly profitable part of the plant ( seeds , fiber or leaves and inflorescences ) is used for construction , but the product of the primary processing of hemp stalk - a fire, which can be classified as agricultural waste. This criterion is the key in the philosophy of the innovative approach to the construction business , which gives a chance for the sustainable development of depressed African agricultural regions . ” 

  

Structural elements of the building

According to the jury, "Energy-efficient building envelope used during construction , decorated in a modernized Moroccan folk style, can counteract the destruction of the environment in mountainous areas caused by increased consumption of forest resources and the most effective use of waste agricultural products , produced during the processing of hemp stalks . In fact, the project uses hemp raw materials of local production that are already naturally adapted to a specific locality that fully meets the climatic conditions, as well as the needs of integrated development and innovative employment . ”

Project Features

- cost - $ 120 thousand;

- area - 90 m2;

- load-bearing structures - bonded concrete made from local raw materials;

- supporting panels for solar cells - hemp biocomposites made using hemp fiber , which were produced using vacuum technology ;

- spherical, aerodynamic outer shell, consisting of 24 semi-elastic photovoltaic panels. The panels are oriented for the use of solar energy from all sides of the world, with maximum losses of about 40%;

- curved biocomposite panels made using hemp raw materials that increase the operational characteristics of photovoltaic panels, protecting their backside from extreme weather conditions, which are assumed in the Moroccan desert to be characterized by sharp temperature changes.

  

Project Highlight

Commentary experts of the Association "Ukrainian industrial hemp"

The goal of this project was to develop the concept of a  house with "zero energy consumption", which is as safe as possible for the environment and comfortable for people living in it. During the construction, the local task of creating a hemp construction composite was worked out, which will include plant-based bio-resins, which should replace the various synthetic components that are actively used at the moment in the use of modern construction technologies . In addition, the cylindrical shell of the building with a minimum exposure of 24 external panels provides internal comfort precisely thanks to the use of bonded concrete .

It is necessary to emphasize that the project was attended by representatives of the “National School of Architecture” (Morocco's National School of Architecture), the “National School of Applied Sciences” of Morocco, as well as the Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics (Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics, Germany ). Those. The construction projects described are attended by students and faculty of several educational institutions , specialists from research institutes , commercial and public organizations in order to develop effective hemp construction technologies that will be used on an industrial scale in the future. Despite the fact that “ Dome houses are made of hemp in Ukraine ”, unlike the Netherlands , France , and other economically developed countries, there is no complexity in the approach to solving problems in the construction industry , using various hemp components . Unfortunately, at the moment in our country only enthusiasts are engaged in these technologies , and issues of the integrated development of hemp topics in the modern construction industry are discussed exclusively at thematic round tables organized within the framework of the “ Hemp University ”.

Как законно использовать цветы конопли
14.10.2020

 

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