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Новости/Аналитика

How dollars and auto parts grow - hemp farming experience

27.09.2019

As soon as varieties appear in the register that correspond to the characteristics of technical hemp of a therapeutic orientation, we will consider this direction as well. These varieties are changing the entire structure of the hemp market. They allow you to get a product with high profitability at minimal cost, it can be used for the production of cosmetics, biological additives, food products with a high content of non-drug cannabinoids and the like.

In 2016, industrial hemp occupied 3.5 thousand hectares. In subsequent years, plantings decreased significantly. This was influenced by the corruption component by law enforcement agencies and the lack of processing facilities. Since the days of the USSR, only four plants remained in Ukraine, which were able to process hemp straw and make textiles, knitwear, shoes, paper, and cellulose from it. Approximately 50 agricultural companies and companies have permission to grow industrial hemp. In fact, they cultivate a valuable culture much less.

The history of Pavlovnia Group Ukraine dates back to 2015, on the development of the bioenergy sector. By signing a contract with one of the Spanish companies, they began to grow Pavlovia, the fastest growing tree in the world, in the Borodyansky district of the Kiev region. The land bank was growing, and it was necessary to look for what kind of culture to fill in the free areas. Therefore, together with the Ukrainian Technical Hemp Association, they decided to implement another project - the cultivation of the most profitable agricultural crop - cannabis-free cannabis. At first they planned to collect it only for grain. But when we delved into this matter, we began to think about processing trusts into fiber.

In 2019, certified seeds of a domestic producer were sown on an area of ​​100 hectares. Sown on virgin soil, making the necessary complex of mineral fertilizing. We carefully watched how the new culture is growing, gaining strength. But the joy was constantly overshadowed by conflicts with local residents who bombarded the police with complaints about landowners.

Calling them drug lords, they accused of ... illegal distribution of marijuana. I had to fight back for a long time from unfounded accusations. We gathered local peasants, explained: we grow technical hemp legally, we have a license! Everything is controlled by the relevant services! But this rebellion was never fully repaid. Along the perimeter of the field were forced to put on guard. In September, hemp was harvested.

“They collected from each hectare up to 800 kilograms of seeds. This is not bad, considering that they were sown on virgin soil and at a rather late date. Productivity can be significantly higher if soybeans, peas, and other legumes will be the precursors of this crop; rye can be considered as an option. Hemp is a good precursor for other crops, it is a natural antibiotic, ”says Alexander Opanasyuk.

According to the agrarian, there were no sales problems - all seeds have already been sold on the domestic market and abroad for the food industry, processing for oil, flour.

“Next we plan to collect the trust with subsequent processing to fiber. Today, this market segment is almost destroyed. Therefore, they planned to erect for their own means a stationary plant for processing hemp trusts. It is cost-effective to put it in their fields. Where it will be - in Volyn, Kiev region or in the south - have not yet been decided. Already signed contracts with a European company for the supply of equipment; we will mount it next year, ”the agrarian says.

According to Alexander Opanasyuk, the market for hemp fiber is huge. It goes to the manufacture of securities, for example, American dollars. The automotive industry really needs this raw material - it is added to facilitate the design of machines. 

“I saw some Volkswagen parts that were 50% hemp fiber. Fibers serve as wonderful insulation for houses and the like. In the future, we intend to build another plant - for the processing of cellulose, ”says the director of Pavlovnia Group Ukraine.

In Ukraine at present, only the technical type of hemp can be grown. Producers are limited in varieties to the appropriate characteristics - you can not grow plants whose content exceeds 0.08% tetrahydrocannabinol.

“As soon as varieties that correspond to the characteristics of technical hemp of a therapeutic nature appear in the register, we will consider this direction as well. As far as I know, bills on the cultivation of hemp of a therapeutic direction have already been prepared. These varieties are changing the entire structure of the hemp market. They allow you to get a product with high profitability at minimal cost, it can be used for the production of cosmetics, biological additives, food products with a high content of non-drug cannabinoids and the like. Next year we plan to increase the area under technical hemp to at least 400 hectares, if possible, even up to 700 hectares. We want to expand the land bank further, ”says the expert.

Ukraine has been a leader in cannabis in the former Soviet Union. And now domestic varieties are considered one of the best in the world. But we need to increase crops under this crop, seriously engage in the processing of raw materials in order to regain lost ground in this segment. We can and should make a high-value-added quality product and send it for export. And these are new receipts of currency in the state treasury. Investors will begin to enter our market more actively.

Источник: 
Author: 
Василь Закревський
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