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Новости/Аналитика

European medieval hemp cooking

07.02.2020

Suchasna nimetska kukhovarska book

The officially registered therapeutic grade cannabis variety “Mriya”, the leaves and inflorescences of which have a huge therapeutic effect, is most likely to be massively grown outside the territory of our country and will form the basis of medical methods in economically developed countries of the world, where Ukrainian citizens will be sent for treatment. The first step for this will be the February presentation of the variety by its author in Lithuanian Cannabis Hub.LT-2020.

The pages of the profile electronic publication of Ukrainian hemp breeders have already described passions around topics related to the classification of products containing a huge number of therapeutically active substances in the EU countries as “new products”. Without going into the twists and turns of disputes related to the legal provision of the possibility of using food products containing various components of plants in Europe, this material confirms exclusively the expression of the famous scientist Vasily Klyuchevsky “History does not teach anything, but only punishes ignorance of the lessons.”

Hemp soup or pie, hemp cheese, fried or baked hemp - you can be surprised at this, but hemp in Europe and Ukraine in the Middle Ages was absolutely traditional food. Confirmation of the above thesis are two Austrian medieval cookbooks.

The question of whether hemp is a traditional food product or belongs to the category of “new food” has been debated for several years at the level of a number of government structures in the EU. On the one hand, a significant number of European companies produce and sell products containing drug-free cannabinoids, on the other hand, the regulatory framework in this matter is so blurred that it provides opportunities for reprisals by government agencies in relation to enterprises whose product line includes products containing therapeutic elements of the plant (cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, terpenoids, etc.). 

For example, throughout 2019, the center of the European hemp discussion was the question of whether it is necessary to classify cannabinoids as “new products”, respectively, to go through a long and expensive registration procedure for them or to relate these therapeutic constituents of the plant to traditional substances. Currently, the EU Directives classify parts of hemp plants that contain cannabinoids, primarily cannabidiol (CBD), as new products. This position is justified by the fact that parts of the plant (except seeds) were never used in Europe as food. 

In turn, industry associations of hemp industry in Europe cite the facts that all parts of the plant were universally used as food, i.e. The use of cannabinoids and other plant elements with huge therapeutic potential has a long history. This position also relies on historical collections of hemp recipes. For example, recipes for various cannabis dishes in two Austrian culinary books of the 14th and 15th centuries make it clear that all the constituent plants were used as the main ingredients of the menu in Europe, in particular in the German-speaking countries of the continent.

Cookbook of the Monastery of St. Dorothea in Vienna

This manuscript presents a collection of recipes from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Once owned by the monastery of “St. Dorothea in Vienna” (“sand Dorothe zu Wienn”), this cookbook is kept in the Austrian National Library. Between all kinds of soups, delicious recipes for making eggs and fish, the book describes various hemp dishes, in particular:

- “Ein hanif schotten” - sweet hemp curd;

- "Ein hanifmues" - hemp jam;

- “Ein hanifsuppem” - hemp soup;

- “Ein kese von hanif” - hemp cheese.

Innsbruck Recipe Book

This manuscript, created in the 15th century, once owned by Maximilian I (emperor of the Holy Roman Empire), combines texts on medicine and culinary art. Among them there are several hemp recipes, for example: 

- "Wildu machen ein hamff suppen" - hemp soup;

- "Wildu in pressen, den hamff" - hemp juice;

 - "Wildu gern, so pach in" - hemp casserole;

 - "Wildu in praten" - hemp roast;

 - "Wildu ein chuechen dar aus machen" - hemp cake.

All of the above recipes have one thing in common and this makes them especially interesting when it comes to whether foods containing non-drug cannabinoids should be classified as “new foods”. The recipes describe the use of the entire hemp plant, including all its therapeutically active elements (cannabinoids, terpenes, finols, flavonoids, terpenoids, etc.).

Commentary by the Ukrainian Technical Hemp Association

On the one hand, it’s good that the EU Directives do not apply to the Ukrainian market, and the use of various plant components for industrial purposes is possible in our country. On the other hand, the underdevelopment of the national regulatory framework does not yet allow the widespread use of therapeutic therapeutic hemp leaves and inflorescences in food, cosmetic preparations, as dietary supplements or in the zoo business. Unfortunately, the already officially registered therapeutic hemp cultivar “Mriya”, the leaves and inflorescences of which have a tremendous therapeutic effect, is most likely to be grown on a large scale outside our country and will form the basis of therapeutic methods in economically developed countries of the world, where citizens of Ukraine will go for treatment. The first step for this will be the February presentation of the variety by its author in Lithuanian Cannabis Hub.LT-2020.

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