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Новости/Аналитика

Terpenes in hemp

21.04.2017

In hemp contains about 30 genes, which determine the composition of terpenes in a particular plant. Thanks to the data obtained, breeders now have an idea of ​​the mechanism of terpene formation, which will help in the future create varieties with certain aromatic and therapeutic properties.
 
Terpenes are substances that are present in the tissues of any plant and are responsible for their flavor and aromatic qualities. As for cannabis, the studies have shown that these compounds are responsible not only for the aromatic characteristics of individual plant varieties, but also affect both their psychoactive and healing properties.
 
Scientists from Vancouver (Canada) believe that, based on the structure of terpenes present in the plant, one can judge the aroma of individual cannabis varieties. It should be noted that the structure of terpenes is not constant, even plants of one class and crop may differ significantly in the concentration of compounds. The scientists came to the conclusion that it is impossible to calculate the concentration of the main active substances in the plant even without chemical analysis, but the concentration of terpenes is impossible.
 
This view was held before the publication of the results of Canadian scientists' research. In particular, the pages of the journal Plos One have information that in hemp contains about 30 genes, which determine the composition of terpenes in a particular plant.
 
Canadian scientists have studied the genetic structure of cannabis one of the varieties of cannabis with various flavors and concluded that in each plant there are a number of genes that are directly responsible for the biosynthesis of aromatic compounds. For example, for the synthesis of compounds of myrcene and limonene, which are responsible for fruit and pine aromas in many therapeutic varieties of cannabis.
 
At first glance, this discovery may seem insignificant. But this is not so. Thanks to the data obtained, breeders now have an idea of ​​the mechanism of terpene formation, which will help in the future create varieties with certain aromatic and therapeutic properties.
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Author: 
Lana Royko
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