Topics of the first day of the EIHA conference
Under section 56 of the Law on the Control of Drugs and Controlled Substances, producers of technical hemp, with a view to simplifying the conduct of economic activities, are exempt from the need to submit a number of documents to the state. This kind of simplification is due to the "Konoplekhovanie Rules for persons wishing to obtain a license to import, export, own, cultivate, produce, process and distribute (sell / provide) low-cannabis hemp.
In 2016, the area of cultivation of industrial crops of technical hemp in Europe amounted to more than 30 thousand hectares, which is three times more than in 2011. Areolas cultivation is increasing along with the demand for fiber and seed. Hemp fiber is one of the strongest natural fibers in nature. They are mainly used in biocomposites (automotive industry), as an insulating material and for the production of paper. Almost all European automotive companies already use hemp fibers for making interior trim parts of cars. Leading cannabis processors from the Netherlands, France and Romania are considering the following reasons, according to which they see the point of considering the use of European hemp fiber for its use in the automotive industry. The main ones are: security of supply; Attractive price; Multi-vector use; Low level of environmental impact; the only natural fiber that fully complies with the criteria ISCC plus.
Andrea German Canada "Innovations in the Canadian regulatory framework, greatly facilitating the hemp business"
An overview of the enterprises of the Canadian hemp industry of 2017, which have received permission to work with technical hemp according to a simplified scheme, will be presented. In particular, under section 56 of the Law on the Control of Drugs and Controlled Substances, producers of technical hemp, with a view to simplifying the conduct of economic activities, are exempted from the need to submit a number of documents to the state. This kind of simplification, stipulated in section 56 of the above law, is conditioned by the "Rules of Hemp Hematology for persons wishing to obtain a license to import, export, own, cultivate, produce, process and distribute (sell / provide) low-cannabis hemp. The government of the country in facilitating the activities of the hemp industry, and the tendency to treat technical hemp not as a source of controlled substance, but as ordinary crop with the necessary state control means.
Cultivation and processing
Dr. Nicole Ward Gauthier USA "New Agricultural Culture in the USA: Traditional and New Types of Diseases of Technical Cannabis in Industrial Crops"
Industrial hemp is growing in the US for the first time since 1957. After the establishment of a pilot research program in accordance with Section 7606 of the Farmers' Act 2013, several states have developed relevant documents in which hemp research is being conducted. The state of Kentucky has the largest and most thoughtful of these programs, which is why the range of its participants (universities, farmers, etc.), as well as crop areas (from 33 acres in 2014 to more than 4000 acres in 2016) .
Specialists from the University of Kentucky in the framework of a regional research program, starting in 2014, studies the diseases that arise during the cultivation of industrial crops of technical hemp. It is noted that the severity of plant diseases significantly increases, in the case of cultivation of cannabis in the same place for more than one year in a row. Experts of the University have studied more than 10 fungal pathogens and one genus of oomycetes, which for 3 years have been found on industrial crops of a plant grown for the production of seeds, fiber or cannabinoids. It is noted that, depending on the disease of the plant, yield losses can vary from 0 to 100%. For example, a significant decrease in yield caused by pathogens aqueous mold. The presence in the plant of bacterial or viral infections in the plant for three years has never been confirmed.
Michael Dickeduisberg, Dr. Heiko Beckhaus Germany "Renaissance of German cannabis use of hemp fibers grown in winter for the production of high-quality textiles."
Farmers in the course of their activities on the one hand have to reduce the leaching of nitrates and the ongoing erosion of soil, in order to increase the quality of groundwater. On the other hand, the cultivation of crops to produce textile fibers is not cost-effective compared to the cultivation of crops for food or biogas production. Despite the fact that regional fibrous cultures contribute to the partial replacement of cotton, a process that is at the center of attention of the public due to serious environmental problems arising during its cultivation (high pesticide application rates and very large volumes of water consumption), the impending social and economic The inadequacy of the areas of its growth (poverty and hunger in the regions of industrial cultivation of cotton).
Hemp grown in the winter, has every chance to solve both problems immediately.
1. The conducted researches testify to the higher quality of the cannabis fiber grown in the winter months, than in the summer period, which implies their preference for use as raw material for textile production.
2. Technical hemp grown in winter does not compete with annual crops, such as corn, with which the highest economic income is obtained.
3. The root system of hemp reduces the leaching of nitrates during the winter months to a minimum.
The goal of this project is to optimize the supply chains of hemp raw materials grown as a result of winter sowing, as well as the processing of high-quality elementary hemp fibers suitable for the formation of fine hemp yarn. Prepared special power for bleaching and drying, in fact, enable farmers to receive a second crop of crops, during one agricultural season.
Professor Stefano Amaducci Italy "Quality control of hemp fiber in the field"
Armaud Dai France "Quality management of hemp fiber from the plant in the field and to agro-industrial production. Innovative solutions for the use of hemp fibers in thermoplastic composites "
In order to meet the rapidly growing demand for new environmentally friendly products with higher consumer characteristics, it is necessary to monitor not only the processes that occur in the production, but also the quality of raw materials coming to it. The fibers extracted from hemp fibers are of considerable interest to manufacturers of textiles and nonwovens, as well as manufacturers of biocomposites. However, meeting the requirements of potential customers requires the presence of an accurate product specification, as well as compliance with the proposed standards.
The studies indicate the impact of each subsequent stage of processing hemp, trust, straw or fiber. The report focuses on the raw materials required for manufacturers of thermoplastic biocomposites. In particular, it is demonstrated that:
• Preparation of raw materials affects the fiber and its qualitative characteristics at the molecular / chemical and morphological levels. The effects manifested during the primary processing are significantly reflected in the fiber quality parameters, and subsequently on the characteristics of thermoplastic composites made of it;
• The process of extracting fiber from the hemp trust, and then processing it and obtaining the final product can be corrected by various processes to achieve the specified morphological, mechanical and chemical parameters required for hemp fibers;
• a controlled processing process can ultimately significantly affect the internal structure of hemp fibers.
Using the data obtained during the experiments, various solutions are offered to increase the characteristics of thermoplastic composites and to control the quality of hemp raw materials from straw / trust and to the final product.