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Новости/Аналитика

The etymology of the word HEMP

05.10.2016

Cannabis name is found in many sources from all over the world. On it there is mention in Sanskrit and Latin, Greek and Indo-European languages. Representatives of the scientific world can only continue to look for an answer to yet another unsolved riddle left by our ancestors, and we remember the truism - "Who does not know his past, he is deprived of the future."
 
The cultivation and the cultivation of hemp has its origin in the days of ancient India and China. The scientists, linguists and archaeologists are unanimous in the opinion that the use of seeds and leaves as the staple food of inflorescences - drugs and hemp fibers for the manufacture of wicker, ropes and clothes were very common practice stretching back thousands of years. But so far, representatives of a dozen countries claim to primacy in the processing of hemp, as well as its use for agricultural purposes and directly, in everyday life.
 
In search of answers, many linguists are looking for answers in the ancient literature. However, finding a mention of cannabis-e from the ancient Greek historian Herodotus (in orig -. Χάνναβις), experts do not stop at this source. In the fourth book of his "History", "Melpomene", Herodotus writes: "In the Scythian land grow hemp - the plant is very similar to flax, but much thicker and larger. [...] It is bred there, but meets and wild hemp. [...] Are made of hemp clothing as similar to linen, that man is not particularly well versed, not even distinguish - they flax or hemp. [...] Taking the hemp seed, creep under the Scythians a felt yurt, and then throw it on the hot stones. From this rises a strong smoke and steam, that no Hellenic steam bath can be compared with a bath. Enjoying it, the Scythians a loud scream of pleasure. "
 
Historical documents indicate that the Scythian empire was quite extensive and there was more than a decade, acquiring closer ties with neighboring states and peoples. Taking the basis of this fact, as well as the structure of the word "hemp", the majority of historians and linguists are inclined to think about the foreign origin of this crop in the territory of Scythia. In addition, the name of the cannabis found in many sources from all over the world. For example, in the ancient Indian Vedas, which is credited with the birth of the XVI century BC, called the word hemp ςαηα; the world famous German lexicographers, the brothers Grimm, repelled by the ancient German word hanaf (hanof), including modern German form Hanf in his dictionary of the German language; Finnish hamppu same name is a derivative of pure hemp root kan / kon (which means the fiber), and it is, according to experts, given the name Mordovian names hemp edge, kantf.
 
Chroniclers, historians, archaeologists, linguists and biologists - the team of scientists of various fields of science trying to find an answer to the question whence the word "hemp" and what the earth was the mother of the ancient crop.
 
There are different theories, each of which is based on serious arguments, but no consensus about the origin of the word hemp yet. Cannabis name is found in many sources from all over the world. On it there is mention in Sanskrit and Latin, Greek and Indo-European languages. Representatives of the scientific world can only continue to look for an answer to yet another unsolved riddle left by our ancestors, and we remember the truism - "Who does not know his past, he is deprived of the future."
Обучение в рамках "Конопляного Университета"
15.09.2020

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